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The Central Amazon Ecological Corridor

Amazon Riverboat Cruises from Manaus often offer itineraries to the Central Amazon Ecological Corridor. This corridor is the world's largest Amazon reserve. One of our Cruise vessels, the M/Y Tucano, is the only boat to travel deep into this reserve, opening a world of adventure and mystery to her travelers.

Below, read about the attributes of this vast protected area:


Area: 20,859,987 ha (Biosphere Reserve)

Habitat Type: Very Diverse

Location: State of Amazonas, Brazil

Base City: Manaus

Introduction – Central Amazon Biosphere Reserve

Founded in 2000, the core area of the Central Amazon Ecological Corridor is the World Heritage-listed Central Amazon Biosphere Reserve. The Reserve was formed by joining several smaller protected areas together, including Jau National Park, Mamirauá Reserve, Amanã Reserve, and the Anavilhanas Reserve.

Description – Central Amazon Ecological Corridor

The Central Amazon Ecological Corridor covers the most pristine habitat in the Amazon Jungle - the watershed of the Rio Negro. TheBrazilian Institute for the Environment (IBAMA) joined the smaller reserves together to offer both more protection for the flora and fauna, and for scientific research.

The area is a constantly changing mosaic of habitats, and it enables researchers to study the large-scale effects of habitat change on surrounding biodiversity.

meeting of the waters

Anavilhanas Reserve

The area of the corridor towards the lower Rio Negro is called the Anavilhanas Ecological Reserve. The reserve contains flooded forest, high forest, sandy soil shrub land, and also flooded shrub land.

Here you can find a rich diversity of wildlife, including a high number ofanimals that cannot be found anywhere else on Earth.

Animals of the Anavilhanas Reserve

The Reserve protects the habitat of some of the most iconic species in all of Amazonia, including the threatened Amazon Manatee, jaguar; the world’s largest freshwater fish, the pirarucu; harpy eagles, giant river otters, caiman, black spider monkeys, and giant armadillos. The Reserve also contains pink river dolphins, river otters, macaw parrots, toucans, among many others. 

monkeys treetop

For bird watchers, 60% of the birds observed in the Central Amazon have been seen in this section of the Reserve.

Records indicate there are around 25 species of amphibians and 42 species of reptiles, which is a comparatively small number for the Amazon. This is thought to be due to the flooded habitat, but black caiman and the South American river turtle are abundant.

There is a high diversity of wildlife found in the Reserve and of the Amazon’s 53 scientific families, only 13 were not found in the Anavilhanas.

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About Rainforest Cruises

Rainforest Cruises is a boutique travel company specializing in Amazon river cruises and tours, providing you with the finest collection of cruises in Peru, Brazil, Ecuador, the Galapagos Islands and Panama. As South American travel experts we have all the advice you need to help you find and book your dream cruise and an unforgettable adventure of a lifetime.


Geri Daniel loved her vacation with Rainforest Cruises.
We had an absolutely fabulous time on the cruise. Thank you again for the trip of a lifetime.
— Geri Daniel, Austin, TX
The Johannson family encounter a sloth on their rainforest cruise.
We had a wonderful time. We were all impressed with the efficiency and organization of the trip from start to finish.
— Jeanette Johannson & Family, USA